The Critical Edition of Q, edited by James M. Robinson, Paul Hoffmann and John S. Kloppenborg and Excavating Q, by John S. Kloppenborg Verbin

Most New Testament scholars believe that besides following the Gospel of Mark's narrative of Jesus's ministry and passion, the authors of Matthew and Luke independently drew from a common collection of Jesus sayings in composing their Gospels. These books represent nearly two decades of study of the theoretical Q by two of its foremost scholars, James Robinson and John Kloppenborg Verbin (whose recent marriage accounts for his added surname). No manuscript evidence exists for Q (from quelle, "source" in German), but the preface to The Critical Edition of Q states bluntly: "The text of Q need no longer be just an imaginary black box lurking somewhere behind Matthean and Lukan verses as their source, but can emerge in its own right."


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