Learning curve

Intelligent pastors
Josh Waitzkin, the chess prodigy who was the inspiration for the film Searching for Bobby Fischer, has written a book titled The Art of Learning. He describes his own approach to learning, first as a child learning chess, and then as a young adult learning to become a martial arts master.

Drawing on the work of developmental psychologist Carol Dweck, Waitzkin distinguishes between two theories of intelligence: entity theory, which sees intelligence as something you either have or you don’t have, and incremental or learning theory, which stresses that people can, over time, master difficult material. Entity theorists, Waitzkin says, become brittle and are prone to quit when confronted with challenges, while learning theorists tend to rise to a challenge by learning more.


This article is available to subscribers only. Please subscribe for full access—subscriptions begin at $2.95. Already have an online account? Log in now. Already a print subscriber? Create an online account for no additional cost.

This article is available to subscribers only.

To post a comment, log inregister, or use the Facebook comment box.