Millisecond thoughts

Neuroscience and free will
Two portraits graced my study walls for many years: Holbein’s Erasmus and Cranach’s Luther. Already in high school I was enjoying Erasmus’s Julius Exclusus and other satires critical of the pope; even earlier I was reading Luther’s catechisms.

The two titans became the yin and yang of my Christian humanist/ Christian reformer inquiries, and they remain so. The two came to theological blows in their great controversy on the freedom of the will versus the bondage of the will. I wanted both to win—and maybe both did, on their terms. And then again, maybe they both lost, on other terms.


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