When Vice President Al Gore picked Joseph Lieberman as his running mate, it was the first-ever selection for a national ticket of a Jewish nominee—and a practicing Orthodox Jew at that. Though in decades past the decision might have been viewed as highly risky, choosing Lieberman was seen quickly as a “plus” for the Democrats. On the campaign trail, the sabbath-observing Lieberman spoke freely of Judaism’s influence in his life, drawing some cautionary words from the Anti-Defamation League and others concerned with the separation of religion and government. Yet born-again Republican nominee George W. Bush and Southern Baptist–raised Gore had already set a pattern of talking about their personal beliefs. And both supported increased opportunities for religious organizations, the so-called faith-based charities, to perform social services with government funds.